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City in a GardenA Photographic History of Chicago’s Parks
Julia S. Bachrach
© 2012 Center for American Places at Columbia College
Reproduced by permission of the publisher.
(Indented Style)

Page numbers in bold italics refer to photos, maps, or drawings.

Abakanowicz, Madgalena, 47, 85

Addams, Jane, 19

Adler Planetarium, VI, 46, 55, 85

Agora (Abakanowicz.), 47, 85

Albany Park District, 83

Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool (Lincoln Park), 36, 48, 49, 117, 118119, 180

Alschlager, Walter W., 155

Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), 135

American Garden project, 18, 18–19, 169, 181

American Park Builders Company, 147

American Society of Landscape Architects, 182–83

Arbor Day festival (Grant Park), 42

Arcade ParkSee Pullman Park and Arcade Parks

Armour Square, 23–24, 129, 167

Art Deco, 91, 125, 127

Art Institute of ChicagoVI, 42, 48–49, 85, 91, 149

Art Moderne style, 117

Arts Partners in Residence program (CPD), 149

athletics. See sports activities, CPD-sponsored

Auburn ParkVI52, 53

Austin Town Hall park, 115

 

Back of the Yards neighborhoods, 20

Barrett, Nathan Franklin, 151

bathing facilities, 23, 23, 49, 69, 75, 91, 107, 109

 See also beaches; swimming pools

Baum, Lyman Frank, 139

beaches, 11, 33, 35, 39, 56, 108, 117, 165

 See also bathing facilities; Burnham Park; Jackson Park; Rainbow Beach Park; swimming pools

the Bean. See Cloudgate

Beaux-Arts style, 91, 179

Beman, Solon S., 151

Bennett, Edward H., 23, 32, 55, 75, 85, 88, 91, 159, 162, 179

Benson, Olof, 10, 179, 182

Bessemer Park, 24, 129, 167

B.F. Ferguson Fund, 174

Bock, Richard W., 77

boulevards

vs. Chicago’s expansion, 30

Jenney’s designs for, 181

Jensen’s plans for, 29

managed by the city, 39

Olmsted Sr.’s designs for, 182

parks connected by, X, 8–10, 9, 15, 32, 181

and the Ten Year Plan, 39

Bridgeport neighborhood, IX, 141

Brown, Frank London, 167

Brown, V.K., 37

Bryan, Thomas Barbour, 29, 183

Buckingham, Clarence, 20

Buckingham Fountain, 37, 47, 84, 85, 179

Bughouse Square, 177

Burke, Anne, 40

Burnham, Daniel H., X, 3, 13, 32–33, 55, 59, 159, 173, 179

 See also D.H. Burnham & Co.

Burnham Harbor36

Burnham Park

beach and bathhouse created for, 48

and Caldwell, 35–36, 55, 180

Carnival of the Lakes in, 36, 37

Century of Progress World’s Fair in, 33–34, 34, 107

Children’s Garden, 48

and the CPD, 36–37, 55, 5657

and Framework Plans, 45

and the lakefront, 55

location, VI

and the Museum Campus Plan, 45–46

profile, 55

and Soldier Field, 55

 

Café Brauer, 30, 44, 117, 122

Caldwell, Alfred

 See also Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool (Lincoln Park)

and Burnham Park, 35–36, 55, 180

in Chicago parks legacy, X, 3, 180

as Jensen’s protégé, 35, 118, 180

and Lincoln Park, 35–36, 48, 49, 117

Prairie style of, 49, 155

profile, 180

and Promontory Point, 54, 55

and Riis Park, 36, 154, 155

Calumet Park

beach, 60

field house, 49, 58, 59, 61

and Hibbard’s bas-reliefs, 59

Labor Day event in, 61

location, VI

and the Olmsted brothers, 59

profile, 59

programs in, 59, 61

and the SPC, 59

and the WPA, 59

Campbell, Robert, 131

Campus Park Program, 45

Carnival of the Lakes (Burnham Park), 36, 37

cemeteries, X, 7, 7–8, 10, 10, 29, 117, 181, 182–83

Central Park (Chicago), 16, 16–17, 17

 See also Garfield Park

Central Park (New York City), 8, 11, 182

A Century of Progress World’s Fair (1933), 34, 34–35, 55, 107

Chicago Board of Education, 20, 39, 41–42, 45, 115, 180

Chicago Conservation Center, 159

Chicago Department of Aging, 147

Chicago Department of Transportation, 53

 See also Auburn Park

Chicago Fire, IX–X, 12, 85, 107

Chicago History Museum, 117

Chicago Horticultural Society, 182

Chicago Lakefront Protection Ordinance (1973), 43

Chicago Park District (CPD)

 See also specific parks

Arts Partners in Residence program, 149

and the Campus Park Program, 45

at the century’s end, 44–46

citizen involvement with, 42, 42–44, 43

expansion of, 39–42

formation of, 35–38, 55, 83, 103, 147

Framework Plans of, 45

Hatzfeld employed by, 180

landscape conservation/improvement by, XI–XII, 44–49 (see also specific parks)

lawsuit against, 44

and the Museum Campus Plan, 45–46

and the Neighborhoods First Project, 44

in the new millennium, 46–49

and the Northwest Park District, 155

Parkways Foundation developed by, 45, 47, 85, 141

reorganization of, 44

responsibilities of, 35–38

Special Collections, 44

sports activities sponsored by (see sports activities: CPD-sponsored)

and the WPA, 35–36, 38, 55, 83, 117, 147

Chicago Public Library, 23, 179

Chicago’s geographical expansion, 30–32

Chicago stock yards. See stock yards

Chicago Swordplay Guild, 149

children’s gardens, 28, 48, 77

Chippewa Park, 103

citizen-inspired park reform, 42, 42–43, 43

City Beautiful movement, 179

CitySpace Plan, 45

Civic Orchestra of Chicago, 103

civil rights activism. See race relations

Clarence Buckingham Memorial Fountain, 37, 47, 84, 85, 179

the Clearing (school of the soil), 181

Cleveland, Horace W.S., 13

Clinard, Susan, 83

Cloudgate (Kapoor), XI, 47, 131, 133

Codman, Henry, 13

Cohn, Sunny, 169

Columbian Exposition. See World’s Columbian Exposition

Columbus Park

CPD restoration in, 63, 65

Jensen’s work on, 25–29, 27, 48, 62, 63, 64–67, 181

location, VI

as National Historic Landmark, 63

origins of, 29, 63

prairie river in, 27, 63, 65

profile, 63

Common Council, 6–7

concerts, 36, 42, 4786, 95, 131, 165

conservation. See landscape conservation/improvement

Cook County Forest Preserve District, 20, 45, 181

Cornell Square, 23–24, 129, 167

Couch tomb, 10, 10

CPD. See Chicago Park District

Craftsman style, 180

Cragin, Belmont, 155

Crown Fountain (Plensa, Krueck & Sexton), XI, 47, 131, 132

 

Daley, Richard J., 39, 41–42

Daley, Richard M., 44, 46, 131

Darius, Stephen, 125, 127

David Woodhouse Architects, 153

Davis Square23, 23–24, 129, 167

Dawes, Charles S., 34

Democratic National Convention (1968), 41

Deneen, Charles S., 25

D.H. Burnham & Co., 22–23, 75, 91, 135, 159, 162, 179

The Dill Pickle Club (Washington Square), 177

Dobson, Henry Austin, 173

Dorsey, Thomas A., 169

Douglas, Stephan A., 69

Douglas Park

CPD improvements in, 69

field houses in, 115

Flower Hall, 68, 69

footbridges, 73

great meadow, 72

improvements to, 17

Jenney’s work on, 15–17, 69

Jensen’s work on, 25–27, 69

law suit regarding, 44

location, VI

origins of, X, 15, 69

profile, 69

schools built in, 42

South Park as, 15

sports activities in, 3871

swimming pools, 70

and the WPS, 69

Dvorak Park, 28

 

early parks and squares. See individual squares; squares vs. parks

Eckhart, Bernard, 24

Eckhart Park28

Elizabeth Morse Genius Children’s Garden, 77

Eugene Field Park31, 31, 83

 

Federal Works Administration, 180

festivals

Arbor Day festival (Grant Park), 42

Buckingham Fountain Spectacle, 37

Carnival of the Lakes (Burnham Park), 36, 37

in Grant Park, 42, 85

in Millennium Park, 46

Pageant of the Year (Garfield Park), 28

Pitchfork Festival (Union Park), 169

Play Festival (Garfield Park), 28

Venetian Night festival (Grant Park), 42

West Chicagoland Music Festival (Union Park), 169

Field, Marshall, 165

field houses

in Calumet Park, 49, 58, 59, 61

in Cornell Square23

in Davis Square23

demolition of, 42

in Douglas Park, 115

in Fuller Park, 49, 75

in Garfield Park, 77

in Humboldt Park, 69, 95, 115

in Indian Boundary Park, 30, 31, 103

inherited by the CPD, 35

in La Follette Park, 115

in Marquette Park, 125

as new building type, 21, 23, 91

in Ogden Park, 135

in Portage Park, 30

as priorities, 31

in Pulaski Park148, 149

in Rainbow Beach Park, 153

in Riis Park, 155

in Sherman Park, 49, 159, 160161

South Park Commission’s development of, 23

Field Museum of Natural History, VI, 32–33, 3346, 46, 55, 85

fire of 1871, IX–X, 12, 85, 107

Flower Hall (Douglas Park), 68, 69

Foreman, Henry G., 20–21, 24, 83, 129

Forest Preserve District (Cook County), 20

Fort Dearborn4, 4

Foster, J. Frank, 21–23, 129

Fountain of the Great Lakes (Taft) (Grant Park), 42

Fountain of Time (Taft) (Washington Park), 48, 48, 173

Framework Plans, 45

Freedom Rally, 41

Free Street Theater troupe, 149

French influences, 8, 15–16, 85

Friends of Lincoln Park, 119

Friends of the Parks, 43–45

Frommann and Jebsen architectural firm, 99, 101

Fuller ParkVI, 49, 74, 75

 

Garden, Hugh, 68

 See also Schmidt, Garden, and Martin architects

Garfield Park

Central Park as, 15, 16, 77

festivals in, 28

field house, 77

Gold Dome Building, 69, 77, 115

Jenney’s work on, 15–16, 17, 19, 69, 77, 81

Jensen’s work on, 19, 1925, 25–28, 69, 77

lagoon, 81

law suit regarding, 44

Lincoln the Rail-Splitter in, 80

location, VI

map (as Central Park), 16

origins of, X, 15–17, 77

profile, 77

schools built in, 42

and the WPS, 77

Garfield Park Conservatory, 25, 25–26, 26, 45, 76, 77, 7879

Gehry, Frank, XI, 3, 46–47, 131

geographical expansion of Chicago, 30–32

Gilbert, James, 149

Girenas, Stanley, 125, 127

Gloede, Richard F., 103

Gold Dome Building (Garfield Park), 69, 77, 115

golf courses

and the CPD, 35, 69, 107

in Jackson Park, 112

in Kilbourn Park, 32

in Lincoln Park, 117

in Marquette Park, 125

in Riis Park, 155, 156

at South Shore Country Club, 165

and the SPC, 15, 107

Gompers ParkVI82, 83

Goudy Square, 6

Graham, Jory, 43

Grand Crossing park, 167

Grandmother’s Garden (Old English Garden) (Lincoln Park), 120121

Grant Park

bandshell, 86

Bennett as designer of, 179

Bennett’s ornamental elements in, 88

Buckingham Fountain Spectacle in, 37

Burnham Sr.’s work on, 32

and Chicago Park District (CPD), 37

concerts in, 42, 86

crabapple trees in, 2

festivals, 42

and Fountain of the Great Lakes, 42

Lake Park as, 85

and the Museum Campus Plan, 45–46

Olmsted Brothers’ work on, 183

origins of, 5, 32–33

parking facilities beneath, 42, 46

profile, 85

protests in, 41

and the SPC, 85

Tiffany & Co. Foundation Celebration Garden, 47, 87

Great Depression, 34–35, 55, 180

Greater West Side Fine Arts Association, 63

Great Fire of 1871, IX–X, 12, 85, 107

Great Lawn (Millennium Park), 46–47

Greensward Plan, 8, 182

Gustafson, Guthrie, Nichol Ltd., 131

 

Haentze, Albert, 180

Halprin, Lawrence, 3, 46, 55

Hamilton ParkVI, 24, 90, 91, 9293, 129, 167

Hansen, Anne Marie, 18, 181

Harrison, Carter, 20, 155, 169

Hatzfeld, Clarence, 31–32, 83, 102, 103, 147, 180

Haussmann, Georges-Eugéne, 8

health hazards, 7, 117

Heyworth, Lawrence, 165

Hibbard, Frederick C., 59

Holabird, Simonds & Roche architectural firm, 183

Holabird & Roche architectural firm, 55

Home (The Miner and His Child) (Mulligan), 27

How the Other Half Lives (Riis), 155

Huber, Julius, 180

Hull House, 19, 155

Humboldt Park

Boathouse, 100

Boat House restoration, 49

CPD improvements to, 95

created by WPS, 95

as designated Chicago landmark, 95

deterioration of, 95

field houses, 69, 95, 98, 115

Jenney’s work on, 15–16, 69, 77, 95

Jensen’s office in, 101

Jensen’s work on, 19, 24, 25–27, 95, 97, 181

location, VI

map of, 24

origins of, X, 15–17, 95

prairie river in, 26, 95, 9799

profile, 95

rose garden, 96

Stable and Receptory, 101

and the WPS, 95

 

Illinois Central Railroad, 33, 55, 69, 85

improvements. See landscape conservation/improvement

independent park commissions/districts, 9, 30–32, 35, 83, 103, 147

Indian Boundary ParkVI31, 31, 102, 103, 104105

International Special Olympics, 40, 41

Israel, Robert, 131

 

Jackson Park

beaches, 121536108

bowling green112

Burnham Sr.’s work on, 32, 55

D.H. Burnham & Co., 112

Golf Course, 107, 112

granite beach, 15

Japanese (Osaka) Garden, 107, 111

location, VI

and Olmsted, Sr., 107, 159

Olmsted & Vaux and, 11–13, 107

and the Olmsted Brothers, 107

origins of, 11–13, 107

Perennial Garden106, 107, 182

profile, 107

protests in, 4142, 43

63rd Street Bathing Pavilion, 49, 107

unimproved state of, 12

wading pool, 12

Wooded Island in, 14, 107, 110

and World’s Columbian Exposition, 13–15, 14, 106

and the World’s Columbian Exposition, 107

Jay Pritzker Pavilion, 46–47, 47

Jenney, William Le Baron

and the American Garden18

Civil War service of, 16–17

and Douglas Park, 15–17, 69

education of, 180

as Garfield Park planner, 15–16, 17, 19, 69, 77, 81

as Humboldt Park planner, 15–16, 69, 77, 95

and Olmsted, Sr., 15–16, 181

and Olmsted & Vaux, 181

profile, 180–81

Simonds and, 183

and Union Park18, 169

as West Park System designer, 15–17

and the WPS, 15–17

Jensen, Jens

and the American Garden18, 18–19

boulevards planned by, 29

and Caldwell, 35, 118, 180

in Chicago parks legacy, X–XI, 3

The Clearing school established by, 181

as Columbus Park designer, 25–29, 27, 48, 62, 63, 64–67, 181

and Douglas Park, 25–27, 69

and Garfield Park19, 19, 25, 25–28, 69, 77

and Hugh Garden, 68

and Humboldt Park, 19, 24, 25–27, 95, 97, 181

Indiana Dunes conservation work, 181

and La Follette Park, 115

Nelson as employer of, 182

photos of, 1819

and the prairie river, 26, 26, 27, 63, 95, 9798

Prairie style of, 17, 27, 63, 69, 95, 169, 180

profile, 181

and Special Park Commission, 20

and Stockman, 83

as Superintendent and Chief Landscape Architect, 25, 28–29, 95, 97

and Union Park, 18–19, 169

and Washington Square, 177

and the WPS, 17–19, 28–29, 69, 83, 115, 149, 169, 181

John F. Kennedy Achievement Testing Program, 40

Johnson, Samuel, 119

 

Kapoor, Anish, XI, 131, 133

Kearney, John, 139

Kelly, Edward J., 35

Kennedy, John F., 40

Kennedy Foundation, 40

Kilbourn Park, 32

Kiley, Dan, 3, 42

King, Martin Luther, 41, 41, 125

Knox, Arthur, 180

Krueck & Sexton architects, 47, 131

 

Laflin Building, 11

La Follette ParkVI114, 115

lakefront

 See also cemeteries

building construction along, 43

and Burnham, 179

and Burnham Park, 55

Chicago Lakefront Protection Ordinance (1973), 43

commercial development of, 32–34, 85

enhancements to, 47–48

erosion, 85

and Grant Park, 85

history, 4–5, 5

and Lincoln Park, 117

Montrose-Foster Avenue extension, 116

and Rainbow Beach Park152, 153

and South Shore Cultural Center, 165

Lake Park, 5, 5, 7, 85, 117

 See also Grant Park; Lincoln Park

landscape conservation/improvement, XI–XII, 26, 31, 33, 44–49

 See also specific parks

Lathrop, Bryan, 29, 183

lawsuits, 33, 44

Lea, Tom, 59

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Certification, 48

Lewis, Joe, 170

Lewis, Ramsey, 169

Liao Huilan, 145

Lila Wallace Reader’s Digest Grant, 45

lily pools, 18, 36, 48, 49, 117, 118119, 180

Lincoln Park

beach house, 117

Café Brauer in, 30, 44, 117, 122

and Caldwell, 35–36, 48, 49, 117, 118119

and City Cemetery, X, 7, 7–8, 29, 117

and the CPD, 117

expansion of, 9–11, 29, 29–30

and Framework Plans, 45

golf course, 117

Grandmother’s Garden in, 120121

Lake Park as, 45, 117

location, VI

Montrose-Foster Avenue extension, 116

North Pond, 123

origins of, X, 7–11, 117

Oz Park in, 139

playgrounds in, 117

profile, 117

protests in, 41

Rustic Shelter, 10

service organizations in, 38

Shakespeare Monument in, 121

sports activities in, 37

and the WPA, 117

Lincoln Park Advisory Council, 139

Lincoln Park Chamber of Commerce, 139

Lincoln Park Commission, 9–10, 29–30, 117, 183

Lincoln Park Conservancy, X, 119

Lincoln Park Conservation Association, 139

Lincoln Park Conservatory, 11, 117

Lincoln Park Zoo, X, 10, 11

Lincoln the Rail-Splitter (Mulligan) (Garfield Park), 80

Lohr, Lenox, 34

Lower Division. See Jackson Park

Lurie Garden (Millennium Park), 131

 

Mark White Square22, 23–24, 129, 167

Marquette ParkVI124, 125, 126

Marshall & Fox architects, 164, 165

martial arts programs, 149

May Day rallies, 169

McAdams, May Elizabeth106, 180, 181–82

McCormick, Robert, 177

McCormick, Stanley, Mrs., 42

McFetridge Sports Center, 42

McGlone, Anne, 40

McGuane Park, 23–24

McKinley ParkVI, 20–21, 21128, 129

the Meer, 12

Melamerson, Dorothy, 139

Michaelsen & Rognstad architectural firm, 115

Midway Plaisance, 11, 11–13, 173, 183

Midwest Community Council, 44

Midwestern conservation movement, 17

Millennium ParkVI, XI–XII, 5, 46–47, 4749, 131

Millet, Francis D., 14

Model Yachting Club (Ogden Park), 135

Mulligan, Charles, 80

Mulligan, Charles J., 27

Mundie, William Bryce, 180

Municipal Art League, 26, 77, 96

Museum Campus/Plan, 45–46, 46, 55

Museum of Science of Industry, 107

 

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 153

Native Americans, 4, 91, 147

 See also Indian Boundary Park

neighborhood park system (SPC) (1901), 20

neighborhood park system (SPC) (1904)

 See also South Park Commission/System

Bennett’s work on, 179

Bessemer Park in, 129

and Calumet Park, 59

development of, 21–24

Fuller Park in, 75

Hamilton Park in, 91, 129

Marquette Park in, 129

McKinley Park in, 129

Ogden Park in, 129, 135

Olmsted Brothers’ work on, 167, 183

Sherman Park in, 129, 159

success of, as model, 27–28, 30–31, 149

Neighborhoods First Project, 44

Nelson, Melvin A., 147

Nelson, Midge and Roger, 141

Nelson, Swain, 8, 10, 117, 179, 182

Newberry Library, 176, 177

New Deal, 35

North Avenue Beach House, 35, 117

Northerly IslandVI, 55

North Park, X, 15

 See also Humboldt Park

North Shore Park District, 30

Northwest Park District, 155

Norton, John Warner, 75, 91, 92

 

Obama, Barack and Michele, 165

Ogden, William Butler, 8, 53, 135, 177

Ogden ParkVI, 24, 44, 134, 135, 136137

Ojibwa tribe, 103

Old Portage Park District, 147

Olmsted, Fredrick Law, Jr., 75, 183

Olmsted, Fredrick Law, Sr.

in Chicago parks legacy, X, 3

Greensward Plan of, 8, 182

and Jackson Park, 107, 159

and Jenney, 15–16, 181

profile, 182

as RiversideIL designer, 16, 182

and Washington Park, 159

as World’s Columbian Exposition planner, 12–15, 107, 183

Olmsted, John Charles, 183

Olmsted, Olmsted, and Eliot, 15, 107

Olmsted & Vaux architectural firm, 11–13, 107, 173, 181, 182

Olmsted Brothers landscape designers

and Calumet Park, 59

and Fuller Park, 75

and Grant Park, 183

and Hamilton Park90, 91

and Jackson Park, 107

and Marquette Park, 125

and Ogden Park134, 135

profile, 183

and Sherman Park, 135, 159

and the SPC, 21–22, 59, 125, 167, 183

and Trumbull Park, 167

Osaka (Japanese) Garden (Jackson Park), 107, 111

Ottawa tribe, 103

Oudolf, Piet, 131

Oz Park, VI138, 139

 

Pageant of the Year (Garfield Park), 28

Palmer Park, 24, 167

Palmisano Nature ParkVI, 48, 48140, 141, 142143

“The Paradox of Time” (Dobson), 173

Park Consolidation Act (1934), 35

Park District. See Chicago Park District

park districts (independent), 9, 30–32, 35, 83, 103, 147

Parkways Foundation, 45, 47, 63, 77, 85, 129, 141

Partridge, William Ordway, 121

Payne, John Barton, 75, 159

Pearson, Arthur Melville, 151

Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum, 117

Perkins, Dwight Heald, 20, 30, 117, 180

Ping Tom Memorial ParkVI144, 145

Pitchfork Festival (Union Park), 169

Plan of Chicago (1909) (Burnham & Bennett), 32, 55, 159, 179

Play Festival (Garfield Park), 28

playgrounds

 See also other specific parks

in Indian Boundary Park, 103, 105

Jensen’s Columbus Park designs for, 48, 63

in Ogden Park, 135, 137

in Palmisano Park144

rehabilitation of, 44–45

in Riis Park, 155, 156

and the SPC, 21

Plensa, Juame, 47, 131, 132

Polish Ministry of Culture, 47

pollution (water), 7, 53

Portage ParkVI, 31, 146, 147

Post, George B., 179

post-war expansion (CPD), 39–42

Potawatomi tribe, 103

prairie river, 26, 27, 63, 65, 95, 979899

Prairie style

of Café Brauer, 30, 117, 122

of Caldwell, 49, 118, 155

of Hatzfeld, 31, 32–33, 147

of Hugh Garden, 68

of Jensen, 17, 27, 63, 69, 95, 169, 180

of Zimmerman, 149

Pritzker Pavilion, 46–47, 47

progressive era, 19–21

Promontory Point, 54, 55

“The Public Parks of Chicago” (Chicago City Manual essay), 9

Puerto Rican Institute of Cultural Arts, 95, 101

Pulaski ParkVI148, 149

Pullman Park and Arcade ParksVI150, 151

 

race relations, 37–38, 43–44, 108, 125, 153, 165, 167, 168, 169, 170

Rainbow Beach ParkVI152, 153

Randak, Frank, 70

Rauch, John H., 7–8

revival styles

by the CPD, 35

Georgian, 155

by Hatzfeld, 31, 180

Mediterranean, 63, 165

Renaissance, 114–15

Spanish, 77

Tudor, 83, 102, 103

Ridge Avenue Park District, 30, 103

Riis, Jacob A., 19–20, 155

Riis Park, VI, 36, 154, 155, 156157, 180

Riverside, IL, 16, 181, 182

Rocky Ledge BeachSee Rainbow Beach Park

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 35

Roosevelt, Theodore, 24

Root, John Wellborn, 13, 173, 179

Rosenwald, Julius, 107

Russell Square, 23–24, 25, 129, 167

 

San Francisco Plan (1906) (Burnham & Bennett), 179

Saunders, William, 182

Save America’s Treasures grants, 48, 63, 174

Scammon, Jonathan Young, 8

Schmidt, Garden, and Martin architects, 68, 69, 94, 95

School-Park plan, 39, 41–42, 115

Shakespeare Monument (Lincoln Park) (Partridge), 121

Shedd Aquarium, VI, 46, 55, 85

Sherman Park

architectural complex, 158

CPD restoration in, 159, 162

and D. H. Burnham & Company, 135, 159

field house, 49, 159, 160161

location, VI

murals, 159

New World Series murals, 160

and Ogden Park, 135

and the Olmsted Brothers, 135, 159

opening of, 24, 129

pergolas of, 162163

profile, 159

and the SPC, 129, 159, 167

Shriver, Eunice Kennedy, 40, 40–41

Silsbee, Joseph Lyman, 11

Simonds, Ossian Cole, 20, 29, 29–30, 117, 183

Site Design Group, 141

63rd Street Bathing Pavilion (Jackson Park), 49, 107

“A Slow Death for the Parks” (Graham), 43

Society of Landscape Architects, 182

Soldier Field, 34, 41, 41, 44, 46, 48, 55

South Park, 11–13, 15, 173, 181–83

 See also Douglas Park; Jackson Park; Midway Plaisance; Washington Park

South Park Commission/System (SPC)

 See also neighborhood park system (1904)

and Burnham, 33, 179

and Burnham Park, 30–33

and Calumet Park58, 59

and Chicago’s geographical expansion, 30–33

and the CPD, 35, 59

D.H. Burnham & Co.’s partnership with, 23, 91, 159

and Fuller Park, 75

golf courses installed by, 15, 107

Grant Park expanded by, 85

green spaces designated by, 53

and Hamilton Park, 91, 129

as Marquette Park, 125

McKinley Park dedicated by, 20–21

McKinley Park developed by, 129

and Ogden Park, 129, 135, 136

and the Olmsted Brothers, 21–22, 59, 125, 167, 183

origins of, 8

and Palmer Park, 129

and the Plan of Chicago, 55

revolutionary aspects of, 21–24, 27–28

and Sherman Park, 129, 159, 167

South Park developed by, 11–13

squares developed by, 129, 167

Trumbull Park planned by, 167

and Washington Park, 173

South Shore Country Club/Cultural Center, VI43, 43–44, 164, 165

SPCSee South Park Commission/System

Special Olympics, 40

Special Park Commission, 20, 155, 177

sports activities, CPD-sponsored

in Douglas Park, 3871

and national initiatives, 40–41

in Ogden Park, 135

in Palmisano Nature Park, 141

in Portage Park, 147

and race relations, 37–38

in Rainbow Beach Park, 153

in Riis Park, 155, 156

for underserved children, 44–45

in Washington Park, 173

for women, 37

squares vs. parks, 6–7, 22–23

Stearns Quarry, 48, 48, 141, 142

Stockmans, Henry J., 83

stock yards, 17, 17, 20, 69, 129, 159

Swain Nelson and Sons, 182

 See also Nelson, Swain

swimming pools

 See also bathing facilities; beaches

in Columbus Park66

in Douglas Park, 69

in Fuller Park, 75

in Hamilton Park, 91

inherited by the CPD, 35

Jensen’s advocacy of, 28

in La Follette Park, 115

and Marquette Park, 125

in Portage Park, 147

in Riis Park, 155

in Sherman Park, 159

in South Side neighborhood parks, 23

in Union Park, 169

in Washington Park, 173, 175

System of Parks and Boulevards map, 9

 

Taft, Lorado, 3, 48, 48, 96, 173

Taylor, Graham, 20

Ten Year Plan, 39

Theater on the Lake39

Tiffany & Co. Foundation Celebration Garden, 47, 87

Treaty of St. Louis, 103

Trumbull, Lyman, 167

Trumbull ParkVI166, 167

Trumbull Park (Brown), 167

 

Uhlir, Ed, 131

Union ParkVI, 6, 18, 18–19, 38, 168, 169, 170171, 181

Union Stock Yards. See stock yards

Upper Division. See Washington Park

Urban Fishing Program (State of Illinois), 124, 129

Urbs in horto (city in a garden) (Chicago slogan), X–XI, 3, 49

U.S. Department of Agriculture, 83

U.S. Department of Justice, 44

 

Vaux, Calvert, 8, 11–13, 107, 173, 181, 182

 See also Olmsted & Vaux

Venetian Night festival (Grant Park), 42

 

Walker, Anna, 169, 170

Ward, Aaron Montgomery, 32–33, 85, 165

Washburne Culinary Institute, 165

Washington Park

in 1908, 13

as art department headquarters, 36–37

Fountain of Time in, 48, 48, 173, 174

and Framework Plans, 45

location, VI

Olmsted, Sr. as designer of, 159

Olmsted & Vaux’s work on, 173

origins of, 12–13, 173

profile, 173

refectory, 172

schools built in, 42

and the SPC, 173

sports activities in, 173

swimming pools in, 173, 175

Washington SquareVI6, 6, 176, 177

West Chicagoland Music Festival (Union Park), 169

West Park Commission/System (WPC/WPS)

and Douglas Park, 69

and Garfield Park, 77

and Gompers Park, 83

headquartered in Union Park, 169

Humboldt Park created by, 95

and Jenney, 15–17, 181

and Jensen, 17–19

Jensen and, 28–29, 69, 83, 115, 149, 169, 181

and La Follette Park, 115

landscape management practices, 100

and Lincoln the Rail-Splitter, 80

origins of, 9, 15–16, 69

and Pulaski Park, 149

reform and innovation in, 24–29

Stockmans and, 83

Wheeler, Charles, 180

Wheeler Kearns Architects, 117

White City, 14, 55, 107

women, hiring of, 38

women landscape architects, 180, 181–82

women’s physical activities, 10, 21, 37, 37, 91, 135, 153

Wong, Ernest, 141, 144

Wooded Island, 14, 107

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

and Calumet Park, 59

and the CPD, 35–36, 38, 55, 83, 117, 147

and Jensen, 25, 28–29, 95, 97

and Lincoln Park116, 117

and Marquette Park, 125, 147

and Portage Park, 147

and Riis Park, 155

sports activities sponsored by, 36–40

World’s Columbian Exposition (1893)

aerial view, 14

Burnham as Chief of Construction for, 13, 32, 55, 179

in Jackson Park, 13–15, 14, 106, 107

Japanese (Ho-o-den) Pavilion, 14, 15, 107

and the Museum of Science and Industry, 107

Olmsted, Sr. as planner of, 12–15, 107, 183

opening of, 14

Root’s work on, 179

WPC/WPSSee West Park Commission/System

Wright, Frank Lloyd, 77, 118

Wright, John S., 9

 

Zimmerman, William Carbys, 149

zoos, X, 11, 103, 105, 169

Zueblin, Charles, 20